Functions and facts of the pancreas - recognising - treating - researching

Pancreas is a vital organ. It plays a central role in digestion and the regulation of blood sugar:

  • Exocrine function: production of digestive enzymes which split vitally essential proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the colon.
  • Endocrine function: production of hormones like insulin and glucagon, which regulate the blood sugar level.

The pancreas lies in the middle of the upper abdomen between spleen, liver and stomach in a c-shaped loop of the duodenum, fixed to the back wall of the abdomen and connected to the gall bladder.

The pancreas can be divided into three parts: head, body and tail. It is 15-20cm long, around 3 – 3.5cm broad and weighs between 60 and 70 grams. The pancreas is fed by three large blood vessels: abdominal aorta, intestinal artery and spleen artery.


Warning signals of a pancreatic illness could be:

Loss of appetite, indisposition, faintness, depression, nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea, steatorrhea (fatty stools), unintentional weight loss, a feeling of pressure in the upper abdomen or back pain at belt height, signs of jaundice and blood sugar lapses.


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